What Is The Climate on The Tibetan Plateau

With the average high altitude of four thousand meters, Tibet is reputed as the Third Pole on the planet. Connected by two grand mountain ranges, Himalaya Ranges and Thanggula Ranges, Tibetan weather has its own characteristics such as strong sun rays, dry air, low air content, and strong wind. Because of the high altitude, the temperature in the day and the night varies differently.

The main characteristics of the Tibetan climate are dry, sunny, and changeable. Summer is the monsoon season, but it always rains at night. The sun in the daytime is strong, but the temperature keeps in the range of 20 degrees to 25 degrees. At night, the temperature will drop down to ten degrees, which you should take some warm clothes. In the west of Tibetan Plateau, the temperature is lower than other places. It seems like a wild and bleak area with fewer plants and trees. In the east of Tibetan plateau, the characteristics of the climate are mainly influenced by the Indian monsoon. So the weather is more humid than other places. In the north of Tibet, you may experience the sweltering summer and the chilly winter.

Here are some details about the climate in some major Tibetan cities.

In Lhasa (high altitude: 3658 meters), the average annual temperature is about 7.5 degrees, and the average monthly temperature is -2.2 degrees. In Tsedang/Samye (high altitude: 3500 meters), the average annual temperature is about 8.3 degrees, and the average monthly temperature is -0.7 degrees. In Gyantse (high altitude: 4040 meters), the average annual temperature is about 4.7 degrees, and the average monthly temperature is -5.1 degrees. In Shigatse (high altitude: 3836 meters), the average annual temperature is about 6.3 degrees, and the average monthly temperature is -3.8 degrees. In Damshong (high altitude: 4200 meters), the average annual temperature is about 1.3 degrees, and the average monthly temperature is -9.9 degrees. In Nakchu (high altitude: 4507 meters), the average annual temperature is about -1.9 degrees and the average monthly temperature is 13.9 degrees. In Tingri/Dingri (high altitude: 4300 meters), the average annual temperature is about 0.7 degrees, and the average monthly temperature is -11.3 degrees. In Nyintri(Bayi) (high altitude: 3000 meters), the average annual temperature is about 8.6 degrees, and the average monthly temperature is -0.2 degrees. In Pomi (high altitude: 2750 meters), the average annual temperature is about 8.5 degrees, and the average monthly temperature is -0.2 degrees. In Chamdo (high altitude: 3240 meters), the average annual temperature is about 7.6 degrees, and the average monthly temperature is -2.5 degrees.

Before traveling to Tibet, you’d better know the climate in advance because you can plan your Tibet tour better. There are six main destinations for travelers, Lhasa, Tsedang or Samye, Shigatse, Nakchu, Nyintri, and Ngari.

Here is a complete sheet about the climate in those cities:

  Month January February March April May June July August September October November December
Lhasa Highest Temperature

 

(C°)

6.8 9.2 12 13.7 19.7 22.5 21.7 20.7 19.6 16.4 11.6 7.7
Lowest Temperature

 

(C°)

-10.2 -6.9 -3.2 0.9 5.1 9.2 9.9 9.4 7.6 1.4 -5 -9.1
Tsedang or Samye Highest Temperature

 

(C°)

-1 -4 2 5 11 15 16 14 12 5 2 1
Lowest Temperature

 

(C°)

-18 -16 -13 -8 -3 3 5 2 1 -5 -10 -16
Shigatse Highest Temperature

 

(C°)

5.7 8 11 15.5 19.5 22.1 21. 19.6 18.7 15.2 10.7 7
Lowest Temperature

 

(C°)

-13.1 -9.5 -5.4 -0.7 3.4 7.6 8.7 8.1 5.8 -1.2 -8 -12
Nakchu Highest Temperature

 

(C°)

-1 -4 2 5 11 15 16 14 12 5 2 1
Lowest Temperature

 

(C°)

-18 -16 -13 -8 -3 3 5 2 1 -5 -10 -16
Nyintri Highest Temperature

 

(C°)

11 8 12 15 19 21 22 24 23 19 17 10
Lowest Temperature

 

(C°)

-3 -2 -1 3 5 10 13 14 12 11 8 -3
Ngari Highest Temperature

 

(C°)

-2 -3 -1 5 14 17 21 18 16 8 1 -1
Lowest Temperature

 

(C°)

16 -17 -15 -13 -5 -2 3 2 3 0 -13 -16

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